Federal selection: Categories, thresholds, criteria and points awarded
The system is simple. The law establishes categories and sub-categories of immigrants, each with its own selection criteria. Each of these criteria makes it possible to obtain points in an objective manner, in relation to specific situations. When the criteria are applied to a candidate, he receives the points that correspond to his situation. The evaluation of all these criteria gives a total. If this total exceeds the minimum threshold provided for the candidate's category, the candidate is accepted. If the total is not sufficient, it will be refused.
Canadian law determines 5 categories and subcategories of immigrants, each with different point thresholds to be reached
1. Skilled workers
These are people who want to settle permanently in Canada to work there, but who have no family in the country. These candidates must obtain 67 points out of a potential of 100 points. The criterion of demand in the profession is no longer determining. If this is the case, then there is a second evaluation that we do against the selection grid for the Express Entry program. This grid makes it possible to obtain a total. If your total offers possibilities, then we must have your diploma assessed by an accredited Canadian body and you must pass the language tests required by the federal government. For the Federal it is the TEF or IELTS (also valid for Quebec) which are to pass for the 4 aptitudes: Comprehension, Speaking, Writing and Reading. Once done, we submit your profile and wait for a candidate extraction to be favorable to you.
Since June 2017, this program has been modified for the benefit of Francophones. Thus, a person with a perfect command of French, having a good diploma and between the ages of 18 and 36 could have every chance in this selection sub-grid evaluated on 1200 points.
The Ministry of Immigration then performs monthly extractions for several thousand files each time. According to the file extractions of the last 6 months of 2017, it is necessary to obtain nearly 435 points to be selected. Each profile is obviously different but your initial report will contain the analysis of this selection sub-grid and the number of points you arrive at. You will thus know with precision your chances of acceptance under this program.
A file submitted under this program remains in the Department's file bank for one (1) year and it should be noted that federal government fees will only be payable if the file is selected. When a candidate is selected, he must then provide the requested documents within 60 days and then pass his medical examinations and his security screening.
2. Parents helped
These applicants are in the same situation as independent immigrants, but have a close relative who lives in Canada. They must obtain 67 points out of a potential of 100 points.
3. Self-employed workers
These people will come to Canada to make a significant contribution to cultural, sporting or artistic life, or it may also be the case of industrialized farmers.
These are candidates wishing to settle in Canada to create or buy a business or a company employing approximately two employees, other than themselves and their dependents. A minimum asset of $ 300,000.00 is required. This type of permanent resident visa is conditional on the completion of the business project within a given period of time.
These candidates will come to invest in Canada, passively, which implies that they will have neither business project to present nor business to create. This subcategory allows the simplest acceptance of all. To enter this category, a candidate must have, and not invest, assets exceeding $ 800,000 Canadian and have 3 years of management experience, either on his own or as an executive.
The criteria (applicable for the sub-category of skilled immigrant workers and assisted parents)
The criteria and their maximum weight are listed below. You will notice that there is only one eliminating factor, which is experience, which must be a minimum of one year. All other criteria are not eliminatory. This is why, for example, immigrants can arrive in Canada without speaking English or French, if they obtain their points thanks to other criteria. It should be noted that unlike the following Quebec assessment grid, the federal government assesses single and married people in the same way.
1. The 25-point instruction
This is the educational level reached by the candidate. All types of academic degrees and diplomas are provided for in the regulations and each of them receives a specific score.
2. Experience on 25 points
This is the number of years of experience that the candidate has accumulated in the mentioned profession, with a minimum level of 0, A or B according to the National Classification of Professions.
3. The age on 10 points
The candidate will receive from 0 to 10 points for this criterion, depending on whether or not he is in the age group considered ideal. This is not a eliminating factor. Thus, even if the candidate is completely outside the age group considered ideal, his application may be accepted as long as he manages to accumulate his points according to the other criteria.
4. Languages on 20 points
Canada assesses the country's two official languages, namely French and English, equally, regardless of the intended place of residence. The two languages are therefore treated on an equal footing. The candidate will only indicate the language with which he feels most comfortable and it is this that will serve as the basis for the assessment of his linguistic knowledge.
5. Reserved professions with validation on 10 points
These are rare cases where the foreign candidate holds an insured job, validated by the Canadian government authorities.
6. Adaptability on 10 points
It is especially candidates who have worked or studied in Canada who will be favored. The following criteria are taken into account: the spouse's studies, previous studies in Canada, previous work in Canada, a job offer in Canada, having parents in Canada.