“TOGETHER WE REACH THE GOAL"
Canadian immigration policy
In Canada, immigration is favored.
Before explaining the process, we must begin by defining what immigration means to Canada. We will do so by explaining what Canadian policy is in this area. Afterwards, we will explain the immigrant selection process, the two laws governing this selection, the different categories of candidates, as well as the evaluated criteria.
You will then be able to understand how the selection of immigrants is carried out by the government authorities and will have the answers to the questions that we are most often asked in our practice or at our conferences. Canada is a country that promotes immigration. For several years, the target has been around 250,000 immigrants per year (this is a global quota because there is no quota per country). For the year 2007, this target is also 250,000 people. These data include only those who obtain permanent residence. Those who come only to work or to study are not counted.
To put these numbers in the spotlight, this means that a new immigrant arrives every year for 150 Canadians, or nearly 0.75% of the total population. This shows a real government will to increase the number of people in Canada, to allow for better economic and social development of the country. Canada is a country bigger than the United States, but it is almost ten times smaller.
In addition, to allow for full and rapid integration, Canada offers newcomers the same benefits as Canadians and citizenship is accessible to them after four years of residence in Canada. (1460 non-consecutive days) during the last 6 years preceding the filing of the citizenship application.
Development of selection grids
Although the immigration policy is favorable, Canada does not allow any interested person to settle in its territory. Indeed, the number of applications far exceeds the possibilities of acceptance, since the country must be able to absorb and favor the integration of a large number of new inhabitants every year.
For this reason, selection grids have been developed. Thus, the candidates are chosen according to a set of criteria, corresponding to the needs of the country. These selection grids, as we will see in detail later, have the particularity to be clear, objective and, above all, to apply in the same way to all the candidates, whatever their country of origin. In Canada's Immigration Act, Canada guarantees persons seeking permanent admission to Canada the objective treatment of their claim, in accordance with the provisions of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.